Urinary infections are quite common among dogs and generally occur when bacteria happen to find their way into the urinary tract and bladder and multiply. Although every type, age, and gender of dog can fall victim to urinary tract infection, female dogs are much more likely to get infected with urinary infection. This is mainly down to the nature of their urinary system. Frequent urination and straining are some of the more common urinary infection in dogs symptoms. Also, other symptoms to look out for include cloudy or blood-tinged urine. Usually, veterinarians normally prescribe antibiotics for the treatment of urinary tract infection. Surgery, sound waves treatment (Shock Wave Lithotripsy – SWL), and special diets are also sometimes used to treat urinary infection.
What Causes Urinary Infection In Dogs
Urinary tract infection simply called UTIs occur frequently especially among female companion dogs. So what causes urinary infection in dogs? Well, most infections are due to the work of bacteria. These microbes enter the dog’s urinary tract through the dog’s urethra and slowing move to the bladder. Once the bacteria get there and proliferate, they cause the urinary infection. When untreated, the bacteria can then move further, into the ureters and even the kidney. It is best that you do not let it get that bad. There are other causes apart from bacteria infestation; however, these are less common.
Bacterial Urinary Tract Infection
The bacteria responsible for UTIs usual comes from fecal matter existing the dog’s digestive system. And although some of the bacteria will find its way onto the dog, working their way up the urinary tract via the urethra is very difficult. Due to the nature of the female dog’s urinary system, it is easier for the bacteria to reach the urinary tract. A bladder bacterial infection is to the bladder is cystitis. Pyelonephritis is the urinary infection to the kidney. Bacteria infection to the prostate is common among male dogs and called prostatitis. Finally, urethritis is the bacterial infection of the urethra. The more common bacteria that are responsible for UTI include but not limited to Escherichia coli, Chlamydia Enterobacter, Enterococcus, Klebsiella, Proteus, Pseudomonas. Staphylococcus, and Streptococcus. Bacteria such as Leptospira interrogans cause kidney infections called interstitial nephritis. Because of the number of bacteria that causes urinary tract infection, it is important to have a urinalysis and urine culture so as to know the particular bacteria (especially since a single species of bacteria usually causes the bacterial urinary tract infection) causing the urinary tract infection. That way the veterinary doctor can prescribe the right antibiotics.
Sometimes, bacteria are not the cause of urinary tract infection. What causes urine infection n dogs when it is not bacterial? Other organisms can also cause a urinary infection. Such organisms include fungi such as Trichosporon, Cryptococcus neoformans, Rhodotorula, and Candida; algae; viruses; mycoplasma and parasitic worms such as Capillaria plica. These parasitic worms can infect the dog’s the ureters and even the kidneys. These small parasitic worms get into the dog’s body when they eat an earthworm that contains the parasitic worm’s larvae. other parasitic worms such as the giant kidney worms (Dioctophyma renale) gets into the dog’s body when they eat raw fish, earthworms or fish which carry them; as such domesticated dogs rarely get urinary tract infection through such sources.
Preventing Urinary Tract Infection In Dogs
Preventing urinary tract infection can be tricky. One of the way to help reduce the occurrence urinary tract infection is by providing your dog with a fresh source of water that is always available. This way the dog will drink enough so as to flush out all microbes in the urinary tract. Also, regular urinary will help reduce the accumulation of bacteria and other microbes that can cause urinary tract infection.
Urinary Infection In Dogs Symptoms
- Seeing blood in your dog’s urine is a sure sign that there is something wrong with your furry friend.
- If you dog squats and strain a lot but fails to urine, it is a sign that something is wrong.
- Also, the dog may lose control of her bladder. As such, a well-trained dog will end up urinating indoors. The dog may also fail to make it outside before she starts to pee.
The development of stones can lead to serious problems. This normally happens when the dog owner fails to do anything about the urinary tract infection. As chemicals build up, they form crystals, which form stones. This usually aggravates the problem by providing bacteria places to hide from antibodies and antibacterial drugs. Also, urinary tract stones mess with the flow of urine. This causes the infected dog a lot of pain when they urinate. In some scenario, it can lead to a medical emergency. In many cases, surgery will be required to remove stones.
Treatment Of Urinary Infections In Dogs
Treatment is usually uncomplicated and short if you take your dog for checkups regularly. A urinalysis is conducted and urine culture collected. This will tell the vet the bacteria responsible and give your dog the right antibacterial drugs according. Ensuring that your dog completed the whole course of antibiotics as prescribed is vital. Failure to do so can lead to recurrent urinary tract infection.
If stones are present, the vet may prescribe a change in diet. This change in diet can help dissolve the stones. Shock Wave Lithotripsy (SWL) can be a treatment option; here sound waves crush the stones. The vet may have to remove the bladder stones surgically.