As a dog parent, it is your responsibility to ensure your dog is healthy. As a human, if you ever get an infection, you will notice the symptoms and most likely try to seek medical attention. With dogs, it is not as simple, you will need to notice the symptoms and change in the habits. There are times when your dog will try to hide the symptoms of infection. One problem that affects most dogs in their lifetime is dog incontinence, and one of the most common causes of dog incontinence is UTI and urinary tract stone. Because these conditions are usually very painful for your dog, it is important you ensure your dog is healthy.
Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Problems
Urinary tract infection is a condition that is quite likely to occur, and when a dog gets urinary tract infections, it is likely that they will have problems urinating. It can lead to them having blood in their urine. In all, urinary tract infections can be quite very painful.
If your dog is housetrained, she may break her housetraining if she suffers from urinary tract infection. Incontinence in dogs is one of the most common symptoms of UTI. There are times when there will notice that your dog has blood in urine. Also, with urinary tract infection, it is likely you will notice that your well behaved urinates near the door, indoors and also urines more than she usually does. That makes it a blessing to be very observant of your dog’s habits including her urination habits; this way you will notice if she is taking long to urinate or is straining herself too much when she attempt to go. Even frequent urination in dogs can be a problem.
Common Symptoms Of Urinary Tract Problems
- Blood in the urine.
- Breaking housetraining.
- Crying out while urinating.
- Dribbling urine.
- Frequent urination.
- Frequently or excessive licking the genital area.
- Straining to urinate.
Diagnosing The Dog And Determining The Cause Of Dog Incontinence
If you notice any of the signs above, you will need to get your dog checked up. The vet will, first of all, analyze a urine sample from your dog. The vet will determine the level of white blood cells. That should signal the presence of infections or crystals. It is called a urinalysis. Culturing of the urine can also help determine the bacteria that cause the infection. It normally takes around a few days to identify the bacteria causing the infection.
A urine culture is necessary since, without it, the vet cannot tell the exact type of antibiotics to get your dog. Also, antibiotics are not always prescribed, since there is a risk of developing antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Therefore, antibiotics are only used when it is necessary.
Other One thing to also know is that UTIs and urinary tract stones are more common in female dogs as compared to male dogs. This is because, bacteria have a long, and difficult journey before it can reach the male urethra. In comparison to female dogs, this is much easier. Therefore, when a male dog suffers from urinary tract infection, it is very likely it is a sign of more a serious condition such as prostate or kidney infections or stones.
Also, some dogs are more prone to urinary tract stones. Small breeds such as the Bichons Frises. Lhasa Apsos, Miniature Schnauzers, Shih Tzus, and Yorkshire Terriers are prone to developing calcium oxalate stones. Breeds such as male Dalmatians are prone to developing urate stones. Bulldogs, Dachshunds, and Scottish Deerhounds are more prone to developing crystalline stones. However, it is important to know that any dog can develop urinary tract stones.
With bladder stones, blood work and radiographs are necessary to diagnose the dog. Sometimes the stones can proof difficult to locate. As such procedures such as radiographs with dye, ultrasound, and cystoscopy are necessary to locate stones in the urethra and bladder.
Dog Incontinence Treatment
You will need to take your dog to the veterinarian. Once there the dog is diagnosed, she will be prescribed a set of specific antibiotics. These will fight the infection. If the dog has urinary tract stone, a recommended special diet will be assigned to the dog. This special diet will dissolve the stones. In some cases, the dog will receive both treatments. An example of this is in the case of struvite stones. A special diet will dissolve the stones, while antibiotics will treat the associated UTI. You will also need to get your dog, dog diapers. It will help reduce mess. A dog with urinary tract infection or urinary tract stone may not be able to hold her pee until she is outside. As such, she may leak urine and end up staining, the floors, and furniture. Also, disposable dog diapers will help keep the dog dry.
Dog Incontinence Prevention
How can you prevent UTI and urinary tract stone from occurring? That is a tough question to answer since there is not bulletproof prevention method out there. However, there are steps you can take to help prevent urinary tract infections.
- One way of ensuring UTI do not develop is by providing your dogs with water around the clock. A drinking fountain is a great way to get your dog drinking enough water, as the flow of water will attract the dogs to the fountains and encourage them to drink. Drinking a lot of water and urinating regularly, helps to wash out crystals before they can grow and turn into urinary tract stone.
- Also paying close attention to your dog is vital. Like most infections, the earlier you detect and treat it the better. There have been dog parents who have ignored urinary tract infection in the early stages. It can lead to irreversible damage. Regular checkups are always a good idea. The vet may be able to detect early signs of infection.
- Probiotics can work wonders if your dog has recurring UTIs. They work by replacing infection-causing bacteria and strengthening the immune system. This way your dog can better fight the bacteria that cause UTIs.
Although there is no sure way to prevent UTIs, you can ensure UTIs do not cause permanent damage to your dog. It is crucial to provide your dog with a lot of clean drinking water, and regular visits to the vet.