Dog Blood In Urine – What To Do?

dog blood in urine

What Do You Do When You See Blood In Your Dog’s Urine?

The medical term for blood in urine is hematuria. It affects both humans and pets. Hematuria is a symptom of many different infections and diseases. It can be a sign of very serious medical conditions. Because of this, when as a dog owner you see dog blood in urine he or she needs to act quickly. Dog blood in urine can be a sign of recurrent urinary tract infection in female dogs, familial hematuria in young dogs, and even cancer in older dogs.

Depending on the dog, blood in dog’s urine can be an indicator of several diseases. Familial hematuria is a hereditary condition that affects young dogs. That is usually the #1 cause of dog blood in urine in young dogs. With female dogs, UTI is usually the cause of blood in dog’s urine. Because of the nature of the male urinary system, bacteria have a hard time getting into the bladder; in female dogs, it is easier for bacteria to reach the bladder. If the female dog’s immune system is unable to fight off and stop the bacteria from growing, the dog will most likely suffer from UTI.

dog urinatingMale dogs can also suffer from UTI. If UTI is not properly treated, it can develop into chronic UTI. For this reason, dog owners should follow the prescription given and the duration within with the medication is to be followed to the later. In older dogs, cancer is the most common cause of dog blood in urine. “My dog is peeing blood, what should I do?” is one of the questions many dog owners will ask eventually. It is essential to take your dog to the vet immediately.

How To Tell If There Is Blood In Dog’s Urine

Most of the time, you can tell if there is blood in your dog urine because you can easily notice the blood in the urine. Sometimes you will notice a range of discoloration. It normally ranges from brown to orange to red to amber. Other symptoms that you may notice are frequent urination, the dog showing signs of abdominal discomfort or pain. There are times when you will notice no symptoms at all; even the blood in the urine may be faint enough for you not to notice. Sometimes a discolored urine may not always mean the dog has hematuria. An intake of beets can also lead to reddish urine. For this reason, it is important to take your dog to the vet routinely. This way hematuria can be detected as soon as possible. Sometimes other health problems that require urinalysis (UA) can lead to the detection of hematuria.

dog urine stainCauses Of Dog Blood In Urine

Whenever you hear a dog owner say, “My dog pee blood”, it is usually with a lot of concern. Here are some causes of blood in pee.

Bladder or Kidney Infection is one of the most common causes of dog blood in urine.

Estrus – When female dogs are in heat, they bleed. That can sometimes be confused with hematuria since both comes from the genital area. Estrus blood is perfectly normal and is not a sign of disease. Other signs that may enable you to determine estrus bleeding include by not limited to a swollen vulva drops of blood in areas where she rests or sits, she may attract the attention of male dogs, and the fact that she is not spayed. A female dog diaper is effective at limiting bloodstains when your female dog is in heat.

Injury – Dogs like humans can injure themselves physically without them or the owners knowing. Sometimes, these physical injuries can result in the dog peeing blood.

Poisoning – It is essential that you know what your dog is ingesting; chemicals such as rodenticide can cause your dog to pee blood. For this reason, you should ensure all substances of potential harm to pets should be kept out of the dog’s reach. Other symptoms of poisoning are coughing, difficulty respiring, lethargy, refusal to exercise, and swollen abdomen.

Prostatic Diseases – In male dogs, hematuria can be a sign of a prostatic disease. Other symptoms that accompany prostatic diseases are difficulty urinating, reduced urine stream, and struggle passing bowel movement. The seven types of prostatic diseases to look out for including bacterial infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia, cystic hyperplasia, periprostatic cysts, prostatic abscess, prostatic cancer, and squamous metaplasia.

Stones – Kidney and bladder stones will usually cause a strain on the dog’s urinary system, this can cause your dog to have blood in her pee.

Tumors – Both Cancerous and non-cancerous tumors can cause dog blood in urine.

Urinary Tract Infection – UTI is a common cause of hematuria. As such if you discover blood in our dog’s pee, it is most likely that your dog suffers from a urinary tract infection. Other symptoms of UTI may include but not limited to breaking of housetraining, continual dribbling of urine, difficulty urinating, excessive licking the genital area, and frequent urination.

Diagnosing Blood In Dog’s Urine

As soon as you notice signs of hematuria, you should take your dog to the veterinarian, as it is usually a sign of serious medical conditions. When at the veterinary clinic, you may need to provide an account of symptoms and other information such as the eating of any new foods, nutrient supplement, toxic substance, and such; the possibility of recent injuries; and other information can help in diagnosis.

The vet will then conduct a medical examination. The vet will look for signs of any possible abnormalities in the anatomy of the dog such as any unusual growths, swellings, or tenderness. After that the vet will use a complete blood count to determine if there are abnormal levels of platelet, white and red blood cells; this will also analyze the chemical blood profile such as the levels of albumin, calcium, liver enzymes, nitrogenous waste products, phosphorous, and potassium.

Urinalysis is also necessary. It will detect the level of bacteria in the urine. UA will also determine the urine’s pH, mineral content, protein levels, glucose levels, hemoglobin presence, and red blood cells presence. For example, high levels of minerals can be an indication of urinary tract stones or crystals.

Also, a male dog’s ejaculate sample can be analyzed to detect the presence of prostatic diseases. Vaginoscopy and cystoscopy may also become necessary if the genital health of your dog is a concern.

In case a tumor is detected, an ultrasound or x-ray may be necessary to detect a tumor. A biopsy may also be obligatory is the vet is to know if the tumor is malignant or benign.

Treatment

The medical condition that causes the dog blood in urine will determine the treatment. If the dog has lost a lot of blood, she will need to be stabilized while being treated. Blood transfusion or/ad intravenous fluids will help treat dehydration and/or low red blood cell count.

Infections – Depending on the type of infection the dog is suffering, the vet will prescribe antibiotics for the dog. Antibiotics are only prescribed when necessary to prevent the occurrence of an antibiotic-resistant strain of bacteria. With antibiotics, you must may sure you administer them for as long as prescribed by the vet. You do not want a case of recurrent urinary tract infection. Infections can include recurrent/ regular urinary tract infection, kidney infection, and other injections.

Stones – Bladder and kidney stones are usually treated through a change in diet. Diets that are low in protein, phosphorous and magnesium are usual recommended, as such diets will promote acidic urine. Also, these diets will encourage the dog to drink more water. That will allow the stones and crystal to dissolve and disappear. If the case is serious, surgical or nonsurgical means will be necessary to remove the stones.

Tumors – When it comes to the treatment of a tumor, the location and diagnosis will determine the treatment needed. You may need to see a specialist such as an oncologist for treatment.

Poisoning – Poisoning can be quite threatening. If your dog gets poisoned, the substance ingested will determine the treatment. Rodenticide and vitamin D poisoning will call for an intravenous therapy (IV). It will ensure the levels of phosphorous, calcium and electrolyte stabilizes. The administration of phosphate binders such as aluminum hydroxide (an antacid) will allow the dog to flush out excess phosphorous in his or her system quickly.

Injury – When it comes to physical trauma/ injury, the location and severity of the internal injury will determine the treatment needed.

Prostatic Disease – Since many several types of prostatic disease can affect a dog, treatment will depend on the disease that the dog is suffering from. In the case of bacterial infections, aggressive antibiotic therapy can cure the dog much faster than the usual antibiotic regimen. Neutering may be the only option for several prostatic diseases such as benign prostatic hyperplasia, cystic hyperplasia, cystic metaplasia, and testicular tumors. Neutering your dog can also prevent the mentioned prostatic diseases. Prostatic diseases such as prostatic abscesses and paraprostatic cysts require surgery.

dog urinateWhen there is blood in dog urine, home remedies are not a good option, since it can be a sign of a serious medical condition.

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