Dog bladder infection is one of the most frustrating things that both dog parents and dogs can face. Regular UTI differs from recurrent UTI in that recurrent urinary tract infection has the tendency of coming back over and over again even with treatment. Both can lead to frequent urination, and dog parents need to take both seriously. Waiting for months before taking action can be hard on the dog. As UTIs cause serious pains to the suffering dog. Many dog owners take the problem of UTI seriously when they start to see blood in the dog’s pee. However, with antibiotic treatment, the signs of a bladder infection in dogs should wane rather quickly. With recurrent urinary tract infection, the frequent urination is likely to return once the treatment is over.
As such, recurrent urinary tract infection can be very frustrating. If your dog has recurrent urinary tract infection, it is important that you and your vet work hand in hand in tackling the problem.
How Does A Regular Urinary Tract Infection Differ From A Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection?
Although the kidney is responsible for the production of urine, the bladder is responsible for storing it until the dog is ready to let it out. Most of the times, this is not a problem, unless the dog suffers from UTI. And while the bladder itself is mostly void of bacteria and bacteria hardly ever gets there, the external genital area has a significant amount of germs and bacteria. When the bacteria somehow happens to enter the bladder and grows, a dog bladder infection may occur. The signs of bladder infection in dog and symptoms will follow shortly after. Other parts of the urinary tract such as the urethra can also get infected.
While most dogs infected with UTI suffer from a simple form of dog bladder infection, recurrent UTI can also develop. With regular dog bladder infection, you can treat it over a short period with antibiotics that target the bacteria responsible for the infection. A urine culture or sample will be necessary before the dog is prescribed the antibiotics.
With recurrent urinary tract infection, the infection will keep on coming back. If a dog experiences more than 3 UTIs a year or more than two dog bladder infections in 6 months, it is said to be suffering from chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections.
Common Dog Bladder Infections Symptoms
Apart from the number of times the dog suffers from infections, other signs of recurrent urinary tract infection are the same as regular UTI. These symptoms include the following.
- The dog may strain to urinate.
- You may find the dog frequently licking the genital area as it hurts.
- Frequent urination is a common sign that a dog has a UTI.
- Dribbling urine is another sign to watch out for.
- Because of the pain, the dog feels when peeing, you may hear it crying out while urinating.
- For housetrained dogs, if the dog breaks housetraining, it is a sign that something is wrong.
- Finding blood in the urine is one of the signs that alarms dog owners the most. if you find blood in your dog’s urine of fecal matter, you definitely need to send the dog to the vet.
As a dog owner, if you notice any of the above symptoms, you will need to take her to the vet as soon as possible. The vet will likely recommend a urinalysis (UA) is done. Diagnosing the dog may necessitate urine culture. The UA will allow the vet determine the underlying conditions. A urine culture will allow the vet determine the exact bacteria causing the DOG BLADDER INFECTION. The antibiotic administered must be the right one for the particular bacteria.
For dogs experiencing their first UTI, a UA may be enough for a prescription. However, if it is the second or third time, it is important that you ensure an UA and a urine culture are performed.
Why Do Some Dogs Suffer From Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection?
There are many reasons why a bladder infection in dogs may return. While medical conditions can cause recurrent urinary tract infection, most of the time recurrent urinary tract infection is due to human negligence. Sometimes, after the diagnosis, dog owners do not give the entire course of medication to the dog as prescribed by the vet. That can cause the bladder infection in dogs to return and difficult to get rid of in future.
Also, it is possible that the right antibiotic is not given to the dog since a urine culture was not taken. Sometimes the dosage duration given by the vet was not enough to completely clear out the bladder infections dogs.
To ensure the UTI is completely cleared, the vet may ask for a urine culture five days after the last antibiotic dosage has been administered.
Other reasons for recurrent urinary tract infection are:
- A weakened urinary sphincter (caused by spaying) can be another cause of recurrent UTI.
- Conditions such as bladder tumor, bladder/kidney stones, and prostate or kidney infections can cause recurrent urinary tract infection.
- Conditions such as obesity, diabetes, hypothyroidism, and Cushing’s disease can influence the dog’s immune system’s ability to fight off infections.
- Congenital urinary abnormalities and structural abnormalities of the genitalia are also possible causes of recurrent urinary tract infection.
- Recurrent urinary tract infection may be due to neurologic problems.
- Steroid use can be the cause of recurrent UTI.
- Excessive vulvar skin folds in female dogs can cause skin infections to spread to the bladder with can lead to chronic dog bladder infection. Surgery can correct this abnormality.
Treatment And Prevention Of Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection
Depending on the cause of the recurrent UTI, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying cause of the recurrent urinary tract infection. Medication may also be necessary in some cases.
However, if no underlying cause is found, the vet may have to result to other strategies to curb the recurrent UTIs. Probiotics are also very effective in some cases.
Other options you and your vet may discuss include:
- Increasing the intake of water can result in frequent urination.
- Antibacterial wipes can help keep bacteria count low in the genital area. This will help prevent the bacteria from reaching the bladder.
- A low-dose prophylactic antibiotic therapy over a long period of time can ensure the bladder is sterile.
- Cranberry extract is very effective in preventing bacteria from causing UTIs in some cases.
- Bladder antiseptics are also very effective at stopping the occurrence of recurrent urinary tract infection.
- As mentioned already, probiotics are known to be very effective in the treatment of chronic UTI.
The Importance Of Continued Monitoring Of Recurrent Dog Bladder Infection.
You should not take recurrent urinary tract infections lightly as it can lead to the development of bladder stones, and can even result in serious kidney infection that can cause serious damage.
If a dog has chronic UTI, they must be given urine cultures every three months. That will enable you to monitor the infection. You should do this whether there are symptoms or not.
Also, you should administer antibiotics for a month, in the cause of a recurrent UTI. After that, you should implement the prevention strategy discussed with the vet.